Causes and symptoms of painful ovulation

Causes and symptoms of painful ovulation

Ovarian pain is a very common discomfort in women during the ovulation process, at which time the hormonal changes necessary for the woman to release the ovum take place. This is the most suitable time to conceive a child, and it is one of the main causes of ovarian pain without periods. It is possible that this discomfort also occurs during the menstrual period, at which time the egg is expelled to the outside through the vagina.

In addition, you can also suffer other symptoms such as headache, fatigue, stitches or pricks in the belly or abdominal pain, among others. In this oneHOWTO article we explain what the causes and symptoms of painful ovulation, in addition to offering you the best home remedies to alleviate it.

Causes of painful ovulation

Painful ovulation happens when the woman suffers pain in the ovaries without regulation, that is, when you do not have menstruation. It is one of the most frequent annoyances and, although it does not have to indicate health problems, the truth is that sometimes it corresponds to problems that must be treated.

The causes of painful ovulation are as follows:

  • Ovarian follicle growth.
  • Irritation caused by the fluid released by the follicle.
  • Cysts in the ovaries.
  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease.

Ovarian follicle growth

The follicle plays a part in the ovulation of women since it is the in charge of releasing the ovum at the right time, allowing the woman to be fertile and able to become pregnant. Until this point, the woman begins producing about 20 follicles at the beginning of each menstrual cycle, and only one will mature enough to release the egg. During this process, the healthiest follicle produces a substance that stops the growth of the rest, in order to ensure that only the fittest reaches the end. This can be the main causes of painful ovulation and its duration is usually several days.

Ovarian follicle fluid

When the Graff’s follicle releases the egg, it also expels a fluid that can irritate the abdominal tissues, also accompanied by blood. In general, the woman’s body is prepared to expel these fluids, but sometimes it may take longer than necessary and, as a consequence, the woman has a sensation of pain in the ovaries.

Cysts in the ovaries

It is the main responsible for irregular periods and can also be the cause of painful ovulation without menstruation. Consists of the formation of small sacs with fluid inside that appear outside or inside the ovary. In general, cysts are benign, although it is also possible that they lead to malignant tumors, which is why visiting the doctor if we feel pain in the ovaries is so important.


The endometrium is a tissue expelled during menstruation. This membrane is what forms the surface of the uterus, and when its formation takes place outside it, a disease known as endometriosis occurs. This irregular growth can take place in the uterine ligaments, in the bladder, ovaries or even in the intestine. As a result, the woman may feel pain in the form of pricks or cramps in the belly or abdominal area.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection and inflammation usually caused by the presence of germs that pass from the vagina to the reproductive system. As a result, a woman may experience pain in the ovaries when she has an infection in the ovaries, although this infection can be found in the uterus or fallopian tubes.

Painful ovulation due to pregnancy

Ovarian pain is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. In general, this discomfort appears in early pregnancy and the pain can become very intense in the form of stitches. Therefore, the most obvious way to find out if ovarian pain is due to pregnancy is to detect if menstruation has been delayed. You can also choose to take a pregnancy test.

Causes and Symptoms of Painful Ovulation - Causes of Painful Ovulation

Symptoms of painful ovulation

Ovarian pain without menstruation occurs at the time when the woman is going to release the ovary. This process usually takes place on day 14 of the menstrual cycle, when the egg is expelled through the fallopian tube to the uterus. There are different ovulation symptoms:

  • Presence of flow with blood.
  • More abundant flow.
  • Lower belly swelling.
  • Tenderness in the breasts.
  • Increased sexual desire.
  • Swelling of the vulva.
  • Headache and / or nausea.

Therefore, painful ovulation can be accompanied by these other symptoms. Keep in mind that cramps or punctures usually affect only the ovum that is going to be expelled, so it is common for the discomfort to be located on one side of the abdomen.

Causes and Symptoms of Painful Ovulation - Symptoms of Painful Ovulation

How many days does painful ovulation last

The release of the ovum lasts 24 hours from the beginning of the ovulation process, a period of time in which it can be fertilized. For most women, this time in the cycle begins on day 14, although it may vary from woman to woman. The most fertile days for a woman are the days 12, 13 and 14. Thus, painful ovulation usually occurs during these days, and can then extend for several more days. Also, remember that if the egg is fertilized by a sperm, ovarian pain can spread as one of the first symptoms of pregnancy.

Painful ovulation treatment

Treatment of painful ovulation will vary depending on what is causing the discomfort. For this, it is recommended visit the gynecologist if ovarian pain after menstruation is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Excessive vaginal bleeding.
  • Abnormal presence of flow.
  • Fever.
  • Pain during urination
  • Very severe pain in the abdomen or that lasts for several days.

In the case of feeling pain during this period, you can Take analgesics that help relieve pain, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

Home remedies for painful ovulation

To relieve ovule pain we can resort to certain home remedies that have proven to be effective, although remember that depending on the cause, a visit to the doctor will be necessary. Some of the home remedies for painful ovulation that you can use are the following:

  • Mat. Applying heat to the lower belly area will help relax the muscles in the area and promote blood circulation, preventing inflammation. If you do not have a mat, you can also opt for a bath with hot water.
  • Chamomile or cinnamon infusions. Both herbs have relaxing effects that help calm pain and reduce inflammation. Prepare an infusion based on one of these herbs 3 times a day.
  • Essential oils. Another way to relieve ovarian pain is to massage the abdomen with a warm essential oil. One of the best options is evening primrose or lavender oil, which will help reduce muscle tension and improve blood circulation.

Tips to ease painful ovulation

  • Avoid foods and beverages that increase fluid retention: alcohol, chocolate, red meat, caffeine, and foods rich in salt.
  • Improve your intestinal transit by consuming foods high in fiber.
  • Walking can also help ease pain during painful ovulation by stimulating blood circulation and reducing inflammation. 30 minutes a day may suffice.
Causes and Symptoms of Painful Ovulation - Home Remedies for Painful Ovulation

This article is merely informative, at oneHOWTO we do not have the power to prescribe any medical treatment or make any type of diagnosis. We invite you to see a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

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