Every month, women have menstruation, that is, they release an egg that comes from one of the two ovaries and that, thanks to it, is possible reproduction of the species since this is what the sperm fertilizes in order to give way to a new life. Butwhat is the function of the ovaries? In this OneHowTo article we are going to detail the usefulness that the ovaries have in the female body so that you understand what the nature of women is and their ability to create life.
What are the ovaries for?
The ovaries are two small, gray, almond-shaped organs that lie on both sides of the uterus just below the fallopian tubes. They are one of the female sexual organs that have two main functions:
- 1. Produce hormones sexual
- 2. Produce the ovules, the cells that allow the species to reproduce
The first of the functions that we have determined refers to the hormonal regulation that is achieved thanks to the ovaries. Estrogen and progesterone are two hormones that are released from these organs.
On the one hand, estrogen allows women to have sexual characteristics during puberty (wide hips, breast enlargement, high voice, etc.) in addition to keeping the sexual organs in optimal condition. On the other hand, progesterone increases the number of blood vessels in the uterus, something that it does every time the egg is released (with menstruation) the walls of the uterus are ready to receive it and house it in the event that it is fertilized.
The second function of the ovaries is to create eggs, that is to say, monthly detach the necessary cell so that, together with the sperm, life can be created. Here we explain female ovulation.
The ovulation process
Every 28 days one of the woman’s ovaries produces a mature egg that is ready to be fertilized by a sperm and, therefore, to create a new life. The process is the following:
- The egg is released from the ovary and it moves for a few days through the oviduct that leads to the uterus.
- The Fallopian tube They help the ovum to move correctly through the duct, facilitating its passage with wavy movements. When sperm reach the duct, the tubes are also responsible for helping it reach the egg.
- If the sperm enters the ovum, this is when we talk about having been fertilized and this always occurs in the fallopian tube. 5 or 6 days after sexual intercourse will be when the egg will reach the uterus, place where the embryo will gestate.
In the event that the ovum is not fertilized, the path that it travels is the same but without having the sperm inside it, something that causes it to end up disappearing with the menstruation. In OneHowTo we tell you why women have periods.
The role of the ovaries in menopause
As the years go by, women are left with a smaller quantity of ovules and they are less and less of a lower quality, due to aging. From the age of 30 we can speak of a physiological decline in fertility that, at 35 years of age, is increased but it is especially at 40 when it is most evident.
Around the age of 45 or 50 is when the first signs of menopause begin to appear and the function of the ovaries at this time begins to decline significantly. Essentially, the meaning of menopause is that the ovaries no longer produce eggs and therefore the woman is no longer naturally capable of having more children.
But it is also at this time that the ovaries stop producing estrogen, the hormone that we have talked about in the first section and that is responsible for keeping the female sexual apparatus in good condition. Progesterone production is also reduced and the lack of both hormones is what causes the appearance of menopausal symptoms.
If you want to read more articles similar to What is the function of the ovaries, we recommend that you enter our Training category.