Soren Kierkegaard he was a Danish philosopher generally regarded as the first of the existentialists. Kierkegaard he wrote extensively on topics ranging from morals to psychology, using a style that emphasized ironic metaphors. A large proportion of his production underscores the importance he placed on individualism and reality. Kierkegaard was not impressed by the idealism displayed by several of his contemporaries, especially Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Georg Hegel.

Søren Aabye Kierkegaard He was born in Copenhagen on May 5, 1813, when his father and mother were already in middle age. His father was deeply religious, and he taught the young man in a way that frequently emphasized the suffering of Jesus Christ. This may have influenced your decision to study theology. In his teens, he enrolled at the University of Copenhagen to study this, as well as literature and philosophy.

When his mother died in 1834, Kierkegaard began keeping a journal, which he continued to do for the rest of his life. His motivation was that he felt he needed to better understand his own nature in order to realize how he should spend his adult life.

Soren he left his home for good in 1837 and became a Latin teacher at Borgerdydskolen. The following year, after the death of his father, he wrote a review of a novel by Hans Christian Andersen, whose idealism already irritated him. His personal life influenced his work in 1840, when he was briefly engaged to a woman with whom he had been friendly since the beginning of his independent life.

The relationship broke up pretty quickly, due in part to the belief that Kierkegaard that he could not continue his philosophical study if he was distracted by the responsibilities of a domestic life. For a decade, he became something of a recluse, dedicating himself to writing.

The doctoral dissertation of Kierkegaard, On the Concept of Irony with Continual Reference to Socrates, was published in 1841 and was his first significant book on philosophy. This brought him into conflict with the then dominant view promoted by Hegel that life could be understood in a purely rational way. Kierkegaard rather, he felt that the person was immortal and that believing in God was not a problem with a theoretical answer but a freely chosen act of faith.

He then expanded on his religious ideas in several of his other books, particularly in The Concept of Dread, in 1844. At this stage in his career, he published under a series of pseudonyms, which allowed him to experiment with mutually conflicting statements.

The year 1843 also saw Kierkegaard produce the important text: Either / Or. This work demonstrates his philosophies regarding what he called ethical and aesthetic lives. Ethical life is based on the eternal and infinite, as well as a variety of moral codes. In contrast, aesthetic life is based on the physical and intellectual pleasures related to the senses in the concrete universe that surrounds us.

Kierkegaard He suggested that remaining dedicated to a purely aesthetic way of life was a sure way to fall victim to heartbreak and ultimately despair as a result. Only once this fact was understood, could a person truly begin an ethical existence.

In 1846, he produced his Concluding Unscientific Postscript, which was based on the idea that subjectivity was in fact true. He again rejected the Hegelian notion that the human spirit is subject to objective scientific understanding, stating in direct terms that objectivity is not capable of explaining human existence.

Kierkegaard he used the term “passionate interest” to explain the condition of faith, emphasizing that this could not be achieved simply through scholarship. He wrote that the highest truth anyone could attain was how it related to the implicit uncertainty of the Christian faith, a theme he continued in his next book, Works of love, in 1847.

The very spirituality of Kierkegaard suffered a severe crisis in 1848, and began to attack strongly what he saw as the complacent nature of the Church. This deliberate provocation was carried out with the aim of provoking Christians to anger and thus a closer and stronger relationship with Christianity itself. In 1850, he published Practice in Christianity.

Kierkegaard he saw this as his main work, as it attacked what he felt was the lack of seriousness of the Danish Church. Later in the decade, he wrote several articles under his own name complaining about the Church’s policy that all Danes were automatically Christians by birth. These were compiled in a book, Attack Upon Christendom, but while compiling it, Kierkegaard fell ill with a spinal condition. A few weeks later, on November 11, 1855, he died.

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