Gordon Moore – Gordon Moore Biography

Gordon earle moore He was born on January 3, 1929, in San Francisco, California, USA. Gordon he completed his studies at Sequoia High School located in Redwood City, and later enrolled at San Jose State University. He subsequently entered the University of California, Berkeley, and in 1950 completed his B.Sc. Degree in chemistry. Soon after, he joined the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), where he did a doctorate in chemistry with a specialization in physics.

During 1953-56, Moore He was engaged in postdoctoral research that he carried out at the John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory located in Baltimore. In 1954, he obtained his doctorate. from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He collaborated with physicist William Shockley and worked with him at the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, a section of the Beckman Instruments company.

However, in 1957, a group of eight people who were admitted to the laboratory by Shockley, separated from the laboratory and Moore was one of them. This group of eight talented Ph.D. graduates were collectively referred to as the “Eight Traitors.”

These eight traitors received the support of the American inventor and businessman Sherman Fairchild. The “Fairchild Semiconductor” company was formed and these eight people participated in the company. Moore was appointed director of research and development (R&D) at Fairchild Semiconductor in 1965. During the same time, he was interviewed by Electronics magazine and in response to a question about the future of semiconductor components, made an observation that became popular as the “Moore’s Law“.

This observation was published in Electronics magazine on April 19, 1965. It stated that “the number of transistors per square inch in integrated circuits has doubled every year since the integrated circuit was invented“He also observed that the trend would remain the same for at least the next ten years.

However, a decade later, he made some changes to the observation and claimed that the trend would continue every two years instead of a year. This has been important and has greatly helped the semiconductor industry.

He founded “NM Electronics“In 1968, together with businessman Robert Noyce. Later, this company became recognized”Intel Corporation“. Moore He served as executive vice president before being named president of Intel Corporation in 1975. From April 1979, this talented scientist served as CEO of the company and held the position until 1987. He also simultaneously chaired the corporation’s Board of Directors and was Caltech board member.

From 1991 to 1996, he was employed by the biotech company Gilead Sciences as a member of the Business Advisory Council. He then became part of the Board of Directors of the company.

In 1993, he was elected chairman of the board of directors of the “California Institute of Technology” (Caltech). Currently, he is a life member of the institute.

He continued to chair the Intel Board of Directors until 1997, and was later named President Emeritus of the corporation. In 2000, Moore and his wife Betty co-founded the organization called “Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation“This organization is primarily focused on preserving the environment.

President George HW Bush honored him with the “National Medal of Technology and Innovation” in 1990. He was named a Fellow of the “Computer History Museum” in 1998. For his outstanding contributions to the field of chemistry and science, he was honored with the ” Othmer Gold Medal “in 2001. In 2002, he was awarded the” Presidential Medal of Freedom “and the same year he received the” Bower Award “which he won for Business Leadership.

In his personal life Moore he married Betty Whitaker and the couple was blessed with two children. He has been involved in many philanthropic works and has made large donations to many organizations such as Caltech and the University of California. The second largest optical telescope in the world called the Thirty Meter Telescope was built with the donation provided by this distinguished scientist.