Francisco Pizarro – Biography of Francisco Pizarro

Francisco Pizarro González He was born in Trujillo on March 16, 1478. Son of Gonzalo Pizarrro participated from a very young age in local wars between manors. He embarks on a fleet that takes him to the Indies, but dissatisfied with the sedentary life of a colonizer, without any type of emotion and adventure, he decides to join the Alonso de Ojeda expedition exploring Central America and later with Vasco Nunez de Balboa in the discovery of the Pacific Ocean. He settled in the city of Panama and was appointed councilor of it, enriching himself considerably. Knowledgeable about Inca empire, decides to finance an expedition with Diego de Almagro but the two fail in the attempt.

Pizarro retires to Isla del Gallo with twelve of his men while Almagro goes in search of reinforcements. Meanwhile, Pizarro explores the island and discovers an ancient civilization in Peru, very close to the Virú river. In 1529 Pizarro traveled to Spain to expose his plans to the king. Carlos I who grants him capital to carry out a new expedition of conquest, embarking in a contingent of 180 men and 37 horses towards Peru. Upon arrival, he met with Atahualpa in the city of Cajamarca, but the Peruvian monarch refused to submit to the authority of the kingdom of Carlos I, he was captured in a bloody battle.

This, agrees a change, a room full of gold for his freedom but the words of the indigenous monarch were of no use and he was executed on August 29, 1533. As a result of his execution, Pizarro establishes “friendship” with the Inca nobility and allows him to conquer the entire Peruvian region starting with Cuzco. Pizarro fell out with Almagro for the possession of the lands of Cuzco, fighting in the battle of the Salinas in April 1538. Almagro was tried and sentenced to death, being executed by Pizarro’s brother, Hernando Pizarro. The supporters of Almagro need revenge and led by his son end the life of Francisco Pizarro on June 26, 1541 in the palace of Lima, a city founded by himself six years earlier on the bank of the Rímac River. A statue equestrian in the cities of Trujillo, Lima and Buffalo sculpted by Charles Cary Rumsey, an American sculptor originally from Buffalo.