Rachel Carson – Rachel Carson Biography

Rachel Louise Carson, who was born on May 27, 1907, in Springdale, Pennsylvania, was an American biologist known for her writings on environmental pollution and the natural history of the sea.

Carson early developed a deep interest in the natural world. She entered the Pennsylvania College for Women with the intention of becoming a writer, but soon changed her main field of study from English to biology. After earning a bachelor’s degree in 1929, he graduated from Johns Hopkins University (MA, 1932) and in 1931 he joined the faculty of the University of Maryland, where he taught for five years. From 1929 to 1936 he also taught at Johns Hopkins Summer School and did graduate studies at the Marine Biology Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

In 1936 Carson obtained a position as an aquatic biologist with the US Bureau of Fisheries (Since 1940, US Fish and Wildlife Service), where she remained until 1952, the last three years as editor-in-chief of the publications from service.

An article in The Atlantic Monthly from 1937 served as the basis for his first book, Under the Sea-Wind, published in 1941. It was widely praised, like all his books, for its remarkable combination of scientific precision and thoroughness with an elegant and lyrical prose style. The sea that surrounds us (1951) became a national best seller, won a National Book Award, and was eventually translated into 30 languages. His third book, The Edge of the Sea, was published in 1955.

The prophetic Silent spring (1962) was first published in The New Yorker and later became a best-seller, creating a worldwide awareness of the dangers of environmental pollution. The outlook for the environmental movement in the 1960s and early 1970s was generally pessimistic, reflecting a widespread sense of “civilized unrest” and the conviction that Earth’s long-term prospects were bleak. Silent spring suggested that the planetary ecosystem was reaching the limits of what it could sustain. Carson she stood firm behind her warnings about the consequences of indiscriminate pesticide use despite the threat of lawsuits from the chemical industry and accusations that she engaged in “emotionalism” and “gross distortion.” Some critics even claimed that she was a communist.

Carson He died on April 14, 1964, before I could see the substantive results of his work on this subject, but he left behind some of the most influential writings on the environment ever published.