Marco Antonio – Biography of Marco Antonio

The roman general Marco Antonio He was born in Rome on January 14, 83 BC. C. in a very respected Roman family. He promised to get an excellent education, but his reckless behavior squandered much of that opportunity. Deep in debt from gambling and haunted by creditors, Antonio he fled to Greece in 58 BC. C. and participated in military campaigns in Judea, where it had a good performance.

Between 52 and 50 a. C., Marco Antonio he was assigned as a staff officer to Julius Caesar in Gaul and was instrumental in helping bring the province under the control of Rome. Upon returning from Gaul, Antonio was appointed tribune, representing the interests of the people. His success and popularity helped him gain support for his benefactor, Caesar, who was being challenged by members of the Roman Senate.

As the pressure against Caesar mounted, Marco Antonio he joined his mentor in Gaul and participated in a series of battles between Caesar and Pompey. Antonio he again helped Caesar defeat his enemies and returned to Rome as Caesar’s second in command. After having accumulated a great amount of power, in the year 45 a. C., Caesar was designated dictator for a year.

Caesar’s actions led many to believe that he was positioning himself to become king. A plot to assassinate him arose, and on March 15, 44 BC. C. was assassinated in the Roman Senate. Antonio he was next in line to succeed Caesar, but was challenged by Octavian, Caesar’s nephew and adopted son, who claimed he was the heir to the government.

Caesar’s death unleashed a chaotic struggle for power between various factions. While Marco Antonio pursuing Caesar’s assassins in Gaul, Octavian’s armies achieved a series of victories against Antonio, forcing him to retreat to southern Gaul. Caesar’s assassins, Brutus and Cassius, were preparing to descend on Rome when Octavian, Antonio and Lepido formed the Second Triumvirate and defeated the traitors at the battle of Philippi in October 42 BC. C.

With Octavian ruling western Rome and Lepidus ruling Africa, Marco Antonio He settled in southern Turkey and pursued the queen of Egypt, Cleopatra, first having an affair and then forming an alliance to help him defend the eastern provinces. In 40 BC, Antony’s wife, Fulvia, and his brother, Lucius, rebelled against Octavian, forcing Marco Antonio to return to Italy. Along the way, Fulvia died and Antonio and Octavio were reconciled, with Antonio marrying with the sister of Octavio, Octavia, in 40 a. C.

In 36 a. C., Marco Antonio He resumed his alliance and romance with Cleopatra, seeking to obtain sufficient funds from her to support his campaign in Judea. Cleopatra saw this as an opportunity to increase her power and agreed. (Around this same time, rumors spread that they had gotten married, but this is unlikely, since he was already married to Octavia.)

At the end of 33 a. C., the Second Triumvirate had ended, as prescribed by law, and the tensions between Marco Antonio and Octavio had reached their climax. A propaganda war engulfed Rome, with Antonio accusing Octavian of being a usurper, falsifying evidence of his adoption by Caesar and Octavio accusing Antonio low morale for leaving his wife for Cleopatra. The situation turned into a military war, with the two generals fighting in Actium, Greece, on September 2, 31 BC. C. In a confused battle, the fleet of Antonio she was defeated and fled back to Cleopatra in Egypt. When Octavian’s forces entered Alexandria, the anguished Antonio he committed suicide with his own sword. Cleopatra followed him to death after Octavian’s forces captured Egypt.