In 1869 Clemenceau returned to France; After the Revolution of 1870, he was appointed mayor of the 18th arrondissement of Paris, which included Montmartre. After being elected as a representative in the Paris National Assembly in February 1871, he voted against the Treaty of Frankfurt. When the communal revolt began in Montmartre on March 18, he tried unsuccessfully to prevent bloodshed. Later, Clemenceau tried to mediate between the Commune and the Versailles government. Failing again, he resigned his post in Paris and his seat in the Assembly. He was elected in July 1871 to the municipal council of Paris, where he remained until 1876, becoming president in 1875.
Clemenceau he possessed a genius for destructive criticism and earned the nickname “Tiger“for his role in destroying the cabinets. Contrary to imperialism, he toppled the Ferry Cabinet on the Tunisian question in 1881, attacked the Freycinet Cabinet for his desire to intervene in Egypt the following year, and destroyed the Ferry Cabinet of 1885 during the Indochina crisis.
In 1886, Clemenceau he first supported General Boulanger as minister of war in Freycinet’s cabinet, but later actively opposed him. Clemenceau also played a prominent role in the Wilson scandal, which forced President Grévy to resign.
He later endorsed Sadi Carnot for the presidency against Jules Ferry and is credited with saying: “I will vote for the stupidest“This incident contributed to the tradition of a weak presidency that plagued the Third Republic. Clemenceau He was denounced as a friend and associate of Cornelius Hertz, a key figure in the Panama scandal, and was also accused of being in the pay of the English. He was greeted with campaign posters showing him juggling English coins, and failed to win reelection in 1893.
Between 1893 and 1903, Clemenceau built a new career in journalism. At first he wrote daily articles for La Justice, but in 1897 he began writing for L’Aurore, which had a larger circulation. The selections of his articles were published as Le Mêlée sociale (1895) and Le Grand Pan (1896). In 1898 he published a novel, Les Plus forts, and a volume of sketches on Jewish subjects, Au pied de Sinai. Another article book, Au fil des jours, appeared in 1900.
In 1902, Clemenceau he was elected senator for the Var and accepted the post of interior minister in Sarrien’s cabinet. He used troops to control a miners’ strike in Pas-de-Calais following a mine disaster in that district and hired military engineers to break a strike by electrical workers in Paris.
When Sarrien’s cabinet resigned in October 1906, Clemenceau became prime minister. He faced new attacks and used the army to control the most violent ones. When the Paris postmen attacked, Clemenceau denounced the strikes by public servants. Later he created a ministry of labor and negotiated the nationalization of the western railroad. In foreign affairs, he continued to cultivate close relations with Great Britain and strengthened the French alliance system. He refused to apologize to Germany for an incident in Morocco. He was removed from office in July 1909 in a dispute over naval policy.
After a speaking tour of Brazil and Argentina in 1910, he became a member of the senate commissions for foreign affairs and for the military. In 1913 he founded a newspaper, L’Homme Libre (The Free Man), to express his views on armaments and the German threat.
In September 1914, the role of Clemenceau was suppressed due to his criticism of the weaknesses of the government, but immediately reappeared with the title L’Homme Enchainé (The enchanted man). In this magazine, he strove to foster the French will to triumph and expose all forms of inefficiency in the war effort.
As leader of the French delegation to the Paris Peace Conference, Clemenceau he played an important role in the drafting of the Treaty of Versailles and in determining the policies of the conference. He tried to obtain a strong League of Nations backed by military force, and when this failed, he proposed other measures to guarantee French security: Germany had to pay the full cost of the war; French annexation of the Saar basin; and the creation of a separate state from the Rhineland under the protection of the League of Nations.
Clemenceau he retired from parliamentary politics. In 1922 he made a tour of the United States in an attempt to remind that country of the fulfillment of its obligations after the American rejection of the Treaty of Versailles and the Anglo-American guarantee of French security. During the remaining years of his life, he divided his time between Paris and the Vendée and devoted himself to writing. In 1927 he had completed a two-volume philosophical testament, Au soir de la pensée (In the afternoon of my thought). His memoirs of the war and the peace agreement were published after his death as Grandeurs et misères d’une victoire in 1930. He died in Paris on November 24, 1929.