Gauss – Biography of Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss He was born on April 30, 1777, in Brunswick, Germany, and was a renowned mathematician, astronomer and physicist who made a large number of contributions in different specialties, respected mainly for his number theory, differential geometry, geodesy, mathematical analysis and optics.

Raised in a family with very low economic resources, GaussFrom a very young age, he stood out for being a very respectful and obedient person, in addition, from that age he proved to be very skilled with numbers and language.

As is known, he was self-taught in various aspects of his life, as he learned to read on his own, and he mastered arithmetic without anyone even introducing it to him.

At 7 years old, he entered the Brunswick school, where he, like all his classmates, was terrified by the teaching methods of his teacher, called Buttner.

One of the great anecdotes of that school period in the life of GaussIt was when one morning his teacher, as a punishment, posed a mathematical problem to his students so that they could do it while he was taking a break. This problem consisted of obtaining the result of the sum of the first 100 natural numbers. An instant after it was raised, Gauss He got up and presented the result to the teacher, who was stunned to realize that he was the only one in the class who had come up with the correct solution in a very short time. So he asked the boy how he had managed to solve it so quickly, to which he replied: “Look, master, before starting to add mechanically the first 100 numbers, I realized that if I added the first and the last, I would get 101; adding the second and the penultimate also gives 101, as well as adding the third with the penultimate, and so on until we get to the central numbers that are 50 and 51 that also add up to 101. So what I did was multiply 101 * 50 to get my result of 5,050.

But his most productive period in education was when he met his partner Bartels, with whom he worked to decipher and understand the books they had on algebra and elemental analysis. It was at this time when Gauss began to develop various ideas and methods for working on mathematics. The mathematician was very frustrated by the foundations that existed on geometry and the theory of numbers that his predecessors had developed, so he decided to finish with what the mathematicians who preceded him had left in half.

It was at this time that he discovered his love for arithmetic, assuring that for him “Mathematics is the queen of science and arithmetic is the queen of mathematics”. Thanks to his efforts for progress and his modesty, the Duke Ferdinand He decided to cover his expenses in order to ensure the good end of his education. It was for this reason that Gauss entered the Carolino College where he continued with his studies, where, in a very short time, he managed to master the Greek and Latin languages. After 3 arduous years of study, Gauss He had the difficult task of deciding whether he wanted to study mathematics or philology, but he finally settled on the perfect science.

In 1796, he showed that it is possible to draw a regular 17-sided polygon. In addition, he tested the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, which was his doctoral thesis in 1799.

In 1801, he edited his book called “Disquisitiones Arithmeticae“, which had six sections dedicated to the Number theory, which gave this specialty a completely systematized structure. Furthermore, he concluded that any polynomial, no matter what degree it is, has at least one root.

Eight years later, after being appointed “Director of the Göttingen Observatory“, Gauss published the “Theoria motus corporum coelestium in sectionibus conicis Solem ambientium“, in which he described how to calculate the orbit of a planet.

After a long life dedicated to science, on February 23, 1855, Gauss died in Göttingen.