Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez, was born on March 6, 1927 in Aracataca, Magdalena, and is a famous Colombian writer, screenwriter and journalist.
Son of Gabriel Eligio Garcia, pharmacist, and Luisa Santiaga Márquez Iguarán, being very young, Garcia Marquez and his family, they moved to Barranquilla, where he had his first education.
A very important figure in the childhood of the Colombian writer was that of his grandfather, Nicolas Marquez, who had raised him with his wife Tranquilina Iguarán. This man, who died when Gabriel Barely eight years old, he had a great influence on the boy, both in politics and in ideology.
In an interview, when the writer was already a renowned novelist, he declared: “My grandfather the colonel was a liberal. My political ideas probably came from starting with him, because instead of fairy tales when I was a child, he gave me terrible tales from the last civil war between the Liberals and the Conservative government.. “
His studies were carried out in the high school of the Jesuit College San José. From that very place, Garcia Marquez, published his first writings in a school magazine called “Youth“In Sucre, in one of the journalist’s visits to his parents, Gabriel met Mercedes barcha, with whom he fell madly in love.
In 1943, he attended the Zipaquirá National Boys’ High School, from which he graduated four years later. After obtaining his degree, he traveled to Bogotá where he began to study law at the National university of Colombia.
On September 13, 1947, Garcia Marquez, published his first story, entitled “The third resignation“. This writing appeared for the first time in the newspaper The viewer.
Three years later, he decided to drop out of college and start studying journalism at the University cartagena. It was in that same place where he began to work as a columnist for the newspaper “The Herald“This was a huge step in the career of Gabriel, as it opened the doors for him to start writing his first books.
In the year 1955, Gabriel Garcia Marquez wrote “Story of a castaway“, which tells the story of Luis Alejandro Velasco, who survived 10 days at sea after falling from the military ship that was transporting him.
Years later, the prestigious Colombian writer met again with Mercedes barcha, whom he married and had his first son named Rodrigo Garcia Barcha who, at present, is a renowned film and television director. In 1964, their second child was born, Gonzalo.
In 1955, after several years of waiting for an editor, his first novel, called “Litter“, which tells the story of a Colonel who tries to bury a French doctor. In this book, a situation that lasts only half an hour is described.
In 1967, what would become his masterpiece was published, entitled “One Hundred Years of Solitude“, which currently has sold around 30 million copies and has been translated into more than 30 languages.
This book has 20 chapters, in which the history of the family is told Good day, and the town where they live. As is characteristic of this famous writer, this work has as much reality as fantasy. It refers to the economic, political and social development of the town where they live and its subsequent decline. Garcia Marquez, stated in an interview: “Most critics don’t realize that a novel like One Hundred Years of Solitude is a bit of a joke, full of cues to close friends, and so, with some pre-ordained right to pontificate that they take responsibility for the decoding the books and the risk of terrible fools of themselves“.
In 1982, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature at the Swedish Academy, where it was announced: “for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the real are combined in a tranquil world of rich imagination, reflecting the life and conflicts of a continent“.
Already in 1985, another of his great books was published that tells the story of two couples, entitled “Love in the time of cholera“It is known that the writer received a lot of influence from his parents to make this novel. Despite that, Garcia Marquez, he assured: “The only difference is that my parents got married. And as soon as they were married, they were no longer interesting as literary figures.“.
In 1999, he was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer, although thanks to his will to live, the writer managed to stagnate this terrible disease. Nevertheless, Gabriel, began to write his memoirs, which were published in 2002 under the name “Live to tell“.
In 2004, he published “Memory of my sad whores“, which tells the love story between a ninety-year-old man and his young concubine.
Garcia Marquez, is considered one of the most important and influential writers worldwide of the 20th century.