Friedrich Schiller – Biography of Friedrich Schiller

He was a German poet, playwright, philosopher, and historian. It is recognized jointly with Goethe, his great talent in German dramaturgy. In the same way, he was one of the central characters of the weimar classicism. And his poems stand out among the most famous.

His life crossed from absolutism to the bourgeoisie, the time of the French Revolution. For the reason that the bourgeoisie did not fit into the absolutism of the German peoples, it was literature that became a channel of communication from the middle of the 18th century. The main medium that was the bourgeois tragedy, even the humanity / domination opposition between the first dramas are a sample until Kabale und Liebe.

In the time between 1785 and 1795 his works such as Don Carlos and others, are added to others that arise later that are within the Weimar classicism. In these proposals Schiller projects the aesthetic education of man, in addition to the equity between reason and feeling.

He is not only a composer of intense dramas of language and images of great force. It also succeeded in bringing German-speaking readers closer to the eighteenth-century ideology of reason, humanity and freedom. As confirmed in his second letter of On the aesthetic education of man “The construction of authentic political freedom … is the most complete of all works of art.”

Schiller ends the drama Wallestein, the Das Lied von der Glocke (The song of the bell, 1799), and his daughter is born Caroline Henriette Luise Schiller, October 11. And then he travels with his family to Weimar on December 3.

Settle the works Mary Stuart (María Estuardo, 1800), and Die Jungfrau von Orléans (The Virgin of Orleans, drama about Joan of Arc). He also managed to edit the poem Der Antritt des neuen Jahrhunderts (The entrance of the new century).

The Duke of Weimar made a noble gesture by prefixing the term von before his surname (in German it means “from”, which attributes nobility to the person), being called from that moment Friedrich von Schiller. Finish his work Die Braut von Messina (Messina’s Bride, 1803), and then ends Wilhem Tell (William Tell, 1804).

Her daughter is born Emilie Friederike Henriette Schiller, on July 25 of that same year. In 1805 he fell ill. However, May 1 is seen for the last time with Goethe. Dying on May 9 in Weimar. The cause of his death was pneumonia, due to tuberculosis. Later, they detected that the left lung was very deteriorated. Similarly, the spleen and bile were inflamed and the kidneys were also very bad. his heart, although healthy, did not resist anymore.