Franz Kline – Biography of Franz Kline

Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on May 23, 1910, the American painter associated with the group Abstract Expressionism Franz kline He began his artistic studies at Boston University, but from 1931 to 1935 he took art classes at the Boston Art Students League.

In 1935, Kline He left for Paris, but stayed in London and from 1936 to 1938 he studied at the Heatherley School of Art. Returning to America in 1939, he settled permanently in New York.

The first works of Kline They consisted primarily of representative art, namely cityscapes, views of Pennsylvania coal mining areas, murals, and portraits. During the 1930s he received several awards from the National Academy of Design.

In 1943, Kline he met Willem de Kooning and this friendship was instrumental in his conversion to abstract art, as were his study experiments with a Bell-Opticon enlarger, and his interest in Japanese art. These three factors led to the development of his signature style of abstract expressionist painting, characterized by energetic and gestural brushstrokes of quick-drying black and white enamel, and applied with broad brush brushes up to eight inches wide. This style, known as action painting, gave total freedom to the creative impulses of the painter and made the act of painting more important than the work itself.

Kline had his first solo show at the Egan Gallery, New York, in 1950, and quickly gained recognition as an important figure in the emerging New York School of Abstract Expressionism. Although noted for his black and white canvases, he reintroduced color into his images from the mid-1950s onwards.

The work of Kline It may seem instinctive or impulsive in its dramatic and spontaneous brushstrokes, but it was actually carefully planned. The sweeping strokes and quick brush strokes of the soaked and diluted paint are the result of considerable thought and include numerous figurative references to a variety of images including bridges, tunnels, and coal mining equipment, as well as calligraphy. In fact, like many modern artists, famous for his spontaneity, the spontaneous gestures of Kline it was often based on well-practiced sketches and sketches. In particular, he incorporated ideas and motifs from small studies into his large compositions, and would repeat certain elements in his paintings, sometimes years later.

During his last decade, he participated in several major international exhibitions, including the 1956 and 1960 Venice Biennials and the 1957 Sao Paulo Biennial, and received several major awards. He died in 1962 of rheumatic heart failure. The Gallery of Modern Art, Washington, DC, held a retrospective of his work later that year.