Felipe III – Biography of Felipe III

Philip III of Austria born in Madrid on April 14, 1578. Son of Felipe II and Ana de Austria, he was the fourth of the five children and the only survivor. Educated in the strictest discipline granted him by his teachers, Felipe III sits on the throne after the death of his father, in September 1598, being the only king of Spain and Portugal, annexing these two countries in 1581.

Finding himself in a period of Moorish incursion in Spanish lands, Felipe III decides to expel them for different reasons of incompatibility of coexistence between members of different religions; the alliance that Muslims had with the peoples turks and berbers who raided the coasts of the Levant adopting a violent chalice, the rejection of the Christian people towards the Moors and the fear of the State for wanting to conserve their wealth and traditional values, which were endangered by the Muslim occupation.

With the support of 30,000 soldiers and the Navy, the Moorish people were expelled, affecting the kingdoms of Valencia, Aragon and Murcia. That forced migration affected the cultivation of sugar and rice, which were replaced by other products of the land. The concept of cultural variety that the Catholic kings had achieved was annihilated by the orders of the current monarch, Felipe III.

The king ignored innuendo and attempts to influence his own decisions by the king. Duke of Lerma, corrupt character who liked to make money easily. Felipe III was also helped by personalities such as the Duke of Uceda and Fray Luis de Aliaga in a series of internal conflicts known as The revolution of the keys.

He intervened in different conflicts and situations that affected European kingdoms such as England, with whom they had good relations, the Netherlands where, thanks to the Twelve year truce They were able to expand the kingdom of Spain through the East Indies, in France, which was not experiencing one of its best situations and asked the monarch for help to fight the Huguenots, and in Italy, which ruled from a distance, the policy of the Spanish kingdom.

He participated in some battles such as The Thirty Years War that took place between Catholics and Protestants in Bohemia and Germany and in The Battle of the White Mountain against the Czechs. We could affirm that during the reign of Felipe III, Spain reached its true zenith.

He died on March 31, 1621 surrounded by his family and courtiers.