Alfonso Reyes – Biography of Alfonso Reyes

Alfonso Reyes Ochoa, one of the most distinguished men of letters in Mexico, was born on May 17, 1889, in Monterrey, Nuevo León. He attended the National Preparatory School and the School of Law in Mexico City.

In 1909 he was one of the founders of the Ateneo de la Juventud. He served as secretary of the Faculty of Advanced Studies, where he also taught history of the Spanish language and Spanish literature. His first book, Aesthetic Issues, appeared in 1911.

Kings He received his law degree in 1913, and that same year he was appointed second secretary of the Mexican legation in France. In 1914 he moved to Spain, where he devoted himself to literature and journalism, working at the Center for Historical Studies in Madrid. Your book Vision of Anahuac It was published in 1917.

In 1920 he was appointed second secretary of the Mexican legation in Spain. From then on he held various diplomatic positions: Charge d’Affaires in Spain (1922-1924), Minister in France (1924-1927), Ambassador to Argentina (1927-1930), Ambassador to Brazil (1930-1936), and again Ambassador in Argentina (1936-1937).

When Kings returned to Mexico in 1939, he became president of the House of Spain in Mexico, which later became the Colegio de México. He was one of the founders of the National College. In 1945 he won the National Prize for Literature, and was also a candidate for the Nobel Prize. He served as director of the Mexican Academy of Language from 1957 to 1959.

The most successful works of Kings include Sympathies and differences (1921); The Literary Experience (1942), The boundary, Prolegomena to literary theory (1944), a treatise on literary criticism that is considered his masterpiece; The X on the forehead Y Some pages about Mexico (1952). His works were translated into foreign languages ​​far more than those of any other contemporary Mexican author.

Kings symbolizes the humanist par excellence. He was an intelligent and penetrating critic, a lavish writer of surprises in his stories, and a poet of delicate sensitivity; educated at the school of Luis de Góngora and Stephane Mallarme, since he studied both classical and modern writers.

Kings he died in Mexico City on December 27, 1959. He was buried in the Rotunda of Illustrious Men.